Bhagat Singh was known to be one of the most influential revolutionary socialist. It was two of his acts of violence against the British government and his consequent execution that made him a household name.
Bhagat Singh was born in the year 1907 to Kishan Singh and Vidyavati in Punjab’s Banga village. His family members were actively involved in the independence movements and he it wasn’t too late when he also became a part of the freedom struggle. Here are essays of varying lengths on Bhagat Singh to help you with the topic in your class tests and exam.
Essay on Bhagat Singh
Bhagat Singh Essay 1 (200 words)
Bhagat Singh, better known as, Shaheed Bhagat Singh was a freedom fighter who left no stone unturned to bring about reforms in the fight against the British. He is said to be one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian freedom struggle.
He was born in a Sikh family in Punjab on the 28th of September 1907. Many of his family members including his father and uncles were actively involved in the struggle for Indian independence. His family as well as certain events that occurred during that time were an inspiration for him to dive into the freedom struggle at an early age. As a teenager, he studied about the European revolutionary movements and was drawn towards the Anarchist and Marxist ideologies. He soon joined the revolutionary activities and played an active part in them inspiring many others to join the same.
The turning point in his life was the killing of freedom fighter, Lala Lajpat Rai. Bhagat Singh could not tolerate the injustice and planned to revenge Rai’s death. He planned the murder of British Official John Saunders and to bomb the Central Legislative Assembly.
He surrendered himself after carrying out these incidents and was eventually hanged by the British government. He became an inspiration for the Indian youth owing to these heroic acts.
Bhagat Singh Essay 2 (300 words)
Bhagat Singh is undoubtedly one of the most influential revolutionaries in the history of Indian Independence. He did not only take an active part in the freedom struggle but also inspired many other youths to join the same not only while he was alive but even after his death.
Bhagat Singh’s Family
Bhagat Singh was born in a Sikh Jat family in KhatkarKalan, Punjab on the 28th of September, 1907. His father Kishan Singh, grandfather Arjan Singh and uncle, Ajit Singh were actively involved in the struggle for Indian independence. His family members inspired him immensely and the feeling of patriotism was instilled in him from the very beginning. It seemed like the quality ran in his blood.
Bhagat Singh’s Early Life
Bhagat Singh met political leaders such as Lala Lajpat Rai and Ras Bihari Bose in 1916 when he was just 9 years old. Singh was greatly inspired by them. Bhagat Singh was immensely disturbed because of the Jalianwala Bagh massacre that occurred in 1919. On the day following the massacre, he went to the Jalianwala Bagh and collected some soil from the place to keep it as a souvenir. This incident strengthened his will to push the British out of the country.
His Resolve to Avenge Lala Lajpat Rai’s Murder
After the Jalianwala Bagh massacre, it was Lala Lajpat Rai’s death that moved Bhagat Singh deeply. He could not bear the cruelty of the British any longer and decided to avenge Rai’s death. His first step in this direction was to kill the British official, Saunders. Next, he threw bombs in the Central Assembly Hall during the assembly session. He was subsequently arrested for his acts and was eventually hanged on 23rd March 1931 along with Rajguru and Sukhdev.
Bhagat Singh was all of 23 when he gladly martyred for the country and became an inspiration for the youth. His heroic acts inspire the youth even today.
Bhagat Singh Essay – 3 (400 words)
Bhagat Singh is known to be one of the most influential freedom fighters. He was a part of several revolutionary activities and inspired numerous people around, especially the youth, to join the struggle for freedom.
Revolution in the Freedom Struggle
Bhagat Singh was among the youth who did not conform to the Gandhian style of fighting against the British. He believed in the Extremist ways of the Lal-Bal-Pal. Singh studied the European revolutionary movement and was drawn towards anarchism and communism. He joined hands with those who believed in bringing about revolution by acting aggressively rather than using the method of non-violence. With his ways of working, he came to be known as an atheist, communist and socialist.
The Need for Reconstruction of Indian Society
Bhagat Singh realised that merely driving out the British would not do good to the nation. He understood and advocated the fact that overthrowing of the British rule must be followed by the reconstruction of the Indian political system. He was of the opinion that the power must be given to the workers. Along with B.K. Dutt, Singh articulated his opinion about the revolution in a statement in June 1929 that stated, ‘By Revolution we mean that the present order of things, which is based on manifest injustice must change. Producers or labourers, in spite of being the most necessary element of society, are robbed by their exploiters of their labour and deprived of their elementary rights. The peasant, who grows corn for all, starves with his family; the weaver who supplies the world market with textile fabrics, has not enough to cover his own and his children’s bodies; masons, smiths and carpenters who raise magnificent palaces, live like pariahs in the slums. The capitalists and exploiters, the parasites of society, squander millions on their whims.
Organizations He Joined
During his struggle for India’s independence, the first organization Bhagat Singh joined was the Hindustan Republican Association. This was in the year 1924. He then began working with Sohan Singh Josh and the Workers and Peasants Party and soon after felt the need of building an organization aimed at working as a revolutionary party in Punjab and worked in this direction. He inspired people to join the struggle and free the country from the clutches of the British rule.
Bhagat Singh was a true revolutionary who did all he could to overthrow the British rule and bring about reforms in the country. Though he died young, his ideologies remained alive and continued to drive people.
Bhagat Singh Essay – 4 (500 words)
Bhagat Singh was born in Khatkar Kalan (the place which is now a part of Pakistan), Punjab in the year 1907. His family was completely involved in India’s struggle for freedom. In fact, around the time of Bhagat Singh’s birth his father was in imprisonment due to his involvement in political agitation. Inspired by the family atmosphere, Bhagat Singh dived into the freedom struggle at the tender age of thirteen.
Bhagat Singh’s Education
As mentioned above, Bhagat Singh’s family was deeply involved in the freedom struggle. His father supported Mahatma Gandhi and when the later called for boycotting government aided institutions, Singh was asked to leave school. He was 13 when he left school and joined the National College at Lahore. There he studied about the European revolutionary movements that inspired him immensely.
Shift in Bhagat Singh’s Ideology
While Bhagat Singh’s family supported the Gandhian ideology completely and he too had been working in accordance with it for a while, he soon became disillusioned with the same. He felt that non-violent movements wouldn’t get them anywhere and the only way to fight the British is by armed conflict. Two major incidences during his teenage contributed to the shift in his ideology. These were the Jallianwala Bagh Masacre that took place in 1919 and the killing of the unarmed Akali protesters at Nankana Sahib in the year 1921.
After the Chauri Chaura incident, Mahatma Gandhi announced the withdrawal of the Non-Cooperation movement. Bhagat Singh did not conform to his decision and cut off from the non-violent movements led by Gandhi. He then joined the Young Revolutionary Movement and began advocating violence as a means to drive the British out. He took part in numerous such revolutionary acts and inspired several youths to join the same.
Interesting Facts about Bhagat Singh
Here are some interesting and lesser known facts about Shaheed Bhagat Singh:
- Bhagat Singh was an avid reader and felt that to inspire the youth it was essential to write revolutionary articles and books rather than merely distributing pamphlets and leaflets. He wrote several revolutionary articles for Kirti Kisan Party’s magazine, the “Kirti” and certain newspapers.
- His publications include Why I Am An Atheist: An Autobiographical Discourse, Ideas of a Nation and The Jail Notebook And Other Writings. His works hold relevance even today.
- He left his home when his parents forced him to get married stating if he married in slave India his bride shall only be died.
- Though born in a Sikh family, he shaved his head and beard so that he could not be recognized and arrested for killing the British official, John Saunders.
- He did not offer any defence at the time of his trial.
- He was sentenced to be hanged on 24th March 1931 however he was executed on the 23rd It is said that no magistrate wanted to supervise his hanging.
Bhagat Singh was just 23 years old when he happily gave his life for the country. His death proved to be an inspiration for several Indians to join the struggle for freedom. His supporters gave him the title, Shaheed (the martyr). He was indeed a martyr in the true sense.
Bhagat Singh Essay – 5 (600 words)
Popularly referred to as Shaheed Bhagat Singh, this outstanding revolutionary was born as Bhaganwala on the 28th of September, 1907 in a Sandhu Jat family in Punjab’s Jullunder Doab district. He joined the struggle for freedom at an early age and died a martyr at a young age of 23.
Bhagat Singh – A Born Revolutionary
Bhagat Singh, known for his heroic and revolutionary acts, was born in a family that was actively involved in the struggle for Indian Independence. His father, Sardar Kishan Singh and uncle, Sardar Ajit Singh were popular leaders of the time. They were known to support the Gandhian ideology and missed no opportunity to inspire people to come out in masses to oppose the British.
They were particularly inspired by the extremist leader, Bal Gangadhar Tilak. Talking about the same in the article, Emergence of Punjab in the freedom movement, Bhagat Singh shared, “Having seen their enthusiasm at the 1906 Congress Convention in Calcutta, Lokmaniya was pleased and in bidding them adieu, gave them the responsibility of strengthening the movement in the Punjab.” On their return to Lahore, both the brothers initiated a monthly newspaper by the name, Bharat Mata with the aim to propagate their ideas to overthrow the British rule.
The loyalty towards the country and the drive to free it from the clutches of the British was thus inborn in Bhagat Singh. It ran in his blood and veins.
Bhagat Singh’s Active Involvement in the Freedom Struggle
Bhagat Singh read a lot about the European nationalist movements and got inspired by the same in 1925. He founded the Naujavan Bharat Sabha the following year and later joined the Hindustan Republican Association where he came in contact with a number of prominent revolutionaries including Sukhdev and Chandrashekhar Azad. He also began contributing articles to Kirti Kisan Party’s magazine, the “Kirti”. While his parents wanted him to marry around the same time, he rejected their offer outright telling them that he wanted to dedicate his life to the freedom struggle.
Due to his active involvement in numerous revolutionary activities, he soon became a person of interest for the British police and was arrested in May 1927. A few months later he was released and got involved in writing revolutionary articles for newspapers.
The Turning Point
In the year 1928, the British government held the Simon Commission for the discussion of autonomy for the Indians. It was boycotted by several Indian political organizations as the event did not include any Indian representative. Lala Lajpat Rai protested against the same by leading a procession and marching towards the Lahore station. In an attempt to control the mob, the police used the weapon of lathi charge and brutally hit the protestors. Lala Lajpat Rai got severely injured and was hospitalised. He succumbed to his injuries a few weeks later. The incident left Bhagat Singh enraged and he planned to avenge Rai’s death. Singh killed British police officer John P. Saunders soon after. He and one of his associates later bombed the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi. He then confessed his involvement in the incident and surrendered to the police.
During the trial period, Bhagat Singh led hunger strike in the prison. He and his co-conspirators, Rajguru and Sukhdev were executed on the 23rd of March 1931.
Bhagat Singh was a true patriot. He did not only fight for the freedom of the country but had no qualms giving away his life in the event. His death brought about mixed emotions throughout the country. While those who believed in the Gandhian ideology felt that he was too aggressive and radical and hurt the freedom quest on the other hands his followers considered him a martyr. He is still remembered as Shaheed Bhagat Singh.
Essay on Subhas Chandra Bose
Students are generally assigned to write some paragraphs or full essay on Subhas Chandra Bose during any competition in the school or outside the school. Here we have provided various simple and easy Subhas Chandra Bose essay to help students. You can select anyone of these:
Subhas Chandra Bose Essay 1 (100 words)
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was born on 23rd of January in 1897 and died on 18th of August in 1945. He was just 48 years old when he died. He was a great leader and Indian nationalist who fought courageously during World War II for the freedom of India from British rule. He was the leader of radical, younger and wing of Indian National Congress during 1920s and 1930s. He became Congress President in 1938 however got expelled in 1939. He was a revolutionary freedom fighter of India who struggled a lot and motivated mass people to involve in freedom struggle.
Subhas Chandra Bose Essay 2 (150 words)
Subhas Chandra Bose was a great freedom fighter and national patriot. He was born in the Cuttack in 1897 on 23rd of January in the rich Hindu Kayastha family. He was son Janakinath Bose (father) and Prabhabati Devi (mother). He was 9th sibling among fourteen children of his parents. He completed his initial schooling from Cuttack however matriculation degree from Calcutta and B.A. degree from University of Calcutta (in 1918).
He went to England in 1919 in order to pursue higher studies. He was highly influenced by the Chittaranjan Das (a Bengali political leader) and soon joined freedom struggle of India. He started expressing his views in front of the people through a newspaper called Swaraj. He opposed the British rule and got interested in the Indian politics. Because of his active participation, he was elected as All India Youth Congress President and Bengal State Congress Secretary. He faced lots of hardness in his life however never became hopeless.
Subhas Chandra Bose Essay 3 (200 words)
Subhas Chandra Bose was a great and very brave leader of the country who became famous as a Netaji because of his hard works. He was born on 23rd of January in 1897 in a Hindu family in the Cuttack. He was very brave and brilliant from his childhood and physically strong too. He always believed in the violence and even, once he had beaten his European school professor. Later he was expelled from school as a punishment. He passed his B.A. degree successfully from University of Calcutta with first division in 1918. Later he went to England for Tripose degree at Cambridge University. He always wanted to serve his country as a high official.
In order to serve his country for freedom from British rule, he joined Congress movement. Later he was selected as President of Congress in 1939 and then expelled because of his differences with Congress policy. He escaped from India during Second World War and asked Germany for help where he was given military training for two years by the Hitler. He raised there his own Indian National Army by training Indian residents and prisoners of war from Germany, Italy and Japan. He became successful in making a true Indian National Army (means Azad Hind Fauj) with good morale and discipline.
Subhas Chandra Bose Essay 4 (250 words)
Subhas Chandra Bose was a most famous legendary figure and brave freedom fighter in the Indian history. His great contributions of freedom struggle are unforgettable in the history of India. He was a real brave hero of the India who had left his home and comfort forever for his motherland. He always believed in violence and chose way of an armed rebellion to get independence from British rule.
He was born in Cuttack, Orissa on 23rd of January in 1897 in the rich Hindu family. His father was Janaki Nath Bose who was a successful barrister and mother was Prabhabati Devi. One he was expelled from the Presidency College Calcutta because of being involved on the attack of British Principal. He brilliantly qualified I.C.S Examination but gave up and joined Non-Co-operation Movement in 1921 to fight for freedom of India.
He worked with the Chittaranjan Das, (a political leader of Bengal) and an educator and journalist in the Bengal weekly called Banglar Katha. Later he became Bengal Congress volunteer’s commandant, Principal of National College, Mayor of Calcutta and then appointed as Chief Executive Officer of Corporation. He went to jail several times for his nationalistic activities however he never gets tired and hopeless. He was elected as President of Congress but once he was opposed by Gandhiji because of some political differences with Gandhiji. He moved to East Asia where he prepared his own “Azad Hind Fauj” (means the Indian National Army) to make India an independent country.
Subhas Chandra Bose Essay 5 (300 words)
Subhas Chandra Bose is famous all over the India as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. He was a famous revolutionary figure of the India who had contributed a lot in the freedom of India. He took birth in a rich Hindu family of Cuttack in Orissa on 23rd of January in 1897. His father name was Janakinath Bose, a Government lawyer in the Cuttack District Court and mother was Prabhabati Devi. He got his early education from Anglo-Indian School in Cuttack and graduation in Philosophy from Scottish Church College, University of Calcutta.
He was a very brave and ambitious Indian young man who successfully passed I.C.S. Examination instead he joined Non-co-operation Movement after getting influenced by Desabandhu Chittaranjan Das for his motherland’s freedom. He continuously fought following violence movement against the British rule for independence of us.
He left Congress even after being a president of Congress in 1939 because of some political differences with the Mahatma Gandhi. One day he made his own Indian National powerful party called Azad Hind Fauj as he believed that non-violence policy of Gandhiji was not capable enough to make India an independent country. He finally prepared a big and powerful Azad Hind Fauj to fight with the British rule.
He went to Germany and founded Indian National Army with the help of some Indian Prisoners of war and Indian residents there. After lots of disappointment by the Hitler he went to Japan and gave a famous slogan of “Delhi Chalo” (means March to Delhi) to his Indian National Army where a violent fight took place between Azad Hind Fauj and Anglo-American Forces. Unfortunately, they forced to be surrendered including Netaji. Soon, Netaji left for Tokyo in the plane however plane got crash at Inland of Formosa. It was reported that Netaji killed in that plane accident. The adventurous works of Netaji is still inspires millions of Indian youths to do something for country.
Subhas Chandra Bose Essay 6 (400 words)
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was a great patriot and brave freedom fighter of the India. He was a symbol to the nationalism and vibrant patriotism. Every children of India knows about him and his inspiring works for the freedom of India. He was born to the Indian Hindu family in Cuttack, Orissa on January 23rd in 1897. His early schooling was completed to his hometown however he did his matriculation from Presidency College, Kolkata and graduation in Philosophy from Scottish Church College, University of Calcutta. Later he went to England and passed the Indian Civil Service Examination with 4th position.
He was very disappointed with the miserable conditions of the other countrymen because of the bad and cruel behaviour by the Britishers. He decided to join the nationalist movement instead civil service to help people of India through freedom of India. He was influenced a lot with patriot Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das and later elected as Mayor of Kolkata and then President of Indian National Congress. Later he left the party because of the opinion difference with Mahatma Gandhi in 1939. After leaving the congress party, he found his own Forward Bloc party.
He believed that non-violence movement is not enough to get freedom from the British rule so he chose violence movement to bring freedom in the country. He went away from India to Germany and then Japan where he made his own Indian National Army, also known as Azad Hind Fauj. He had included Indian prisoners of war and Indian residents of those countries in his Azad hind Fauj to fight bravely from the British rule. He gave slogan to his army named Delhi Chalo and Jai Hind. He had inspired his army men through his great words of “Give me blood and I will give you freedom” to make his motherland free from the rule of Britishers.
It is considered that Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was died in a plane crash in 1945. The bad news of his death had ended all the hopes of his Indian National Army to fight from British rule. Even after his death, he is still alive with his vibrant nationalism in the heart of Indian people as an everlasting inspiration. According to the scholarly opinion, he died because of the third-degree burn due to the overloaded Japanese plane crash. The great works and contributions of the Netaji have been marked in the Indian history as an unforgettable event.
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