Born in Hoboken, New Jersey, in 1864, and schooled as an engineer in Germany, Alfred Stieglitz returned to New York in 1890 determined to prove that photography was a medium as capable of artistic expression as painting or sculpture. As the editor of Camera Notes, the journal of the Camera Club of New York—an association of amateur photography enthusiasts—Stieglitz espoused his belief in the aesthetic potential of the medium and published work by photographers who shared his conviction. When the rank-and-file membership of the Camera Club began to agitate against his restrictive editorial policies, Stieglitz and several like-minded photographers broke away from the group in 1902 to form the Photo-Secession, which advocated an emphasis on the craftsmanship involved in photography. Most members of the group made extensive use of elaborate, labor-intensive techniques that underscored the role of the photographer’s hand in making photographic prints, but Stieglitz favored a slightly different approach in his own work. Although he took great care in producing his prints, often making platinum prints—a process renowned for yielding images with a rich, subtly varied tonal scale—he achieved the desired affiliation with painting through compositional choices and the use of natural elements like rain, snow, and steam (58.577.11) to unify the components of a scene into a visually pleasing pictorial whole.
Stieglitz edited the association’s luxurious publication Camera Work from 1903 to 1917, and organized exhibitions with the aid of Edward J. Steichen—who donated studio space that became the Little Galleries of the Photo-Secession in 1905, familiarly known as “291” for its address on Fifth Avenue. Through these enterprises, Stieglitz supported photographers and other modern American artists, while also apprising artists of the latest developments in early twentieth-century European modernism (with the help of Steichen’s frequent reports from Paris), including the work of Auguste Rodin, Pablo Picasso, Constantin Brancusi, and Francis Picabia. His knowledge of this new kind of art is evident in photographs from these years such as The Steerage (33.43.419), in which the arrangement of shapes and tones belies his familiarity with Cubism, and From the Back Window—291 (49.55.35), in which Stieglitz’s internalization of avant-garde art combines with his own expertise in extracting aesthetic meaning from the urban atmosphere.
By 1917, Stieglitz’s thinking about photography had begun to shift. Whereas, at the turn of the century, the best method for proving the legitimacy of photography as a creative medium seemed to suggest appropriating the appearance of drawing, prints, or watercolor in finished photographic prints, such practices began to seem wrongheaded by the end of World War I. Transparency of means and respect for materials were primary tenets of modern art, which derived meaning from the ephemera of contemporary life. Photography was naturally suited to representing the fast-paced cacophony that increasingly defined modern life, and attempting to cloak the medium’s natural strengths by heavily manipulating the final print fell out of favor with Stieglitz and his associates. Stieglitz’s support for the photography of Paul Strand and Charles Sheeler crystallized the new approach to the medium, and the change could also be seen in his own photographs. His celebrated portrait of Georgia O’Keeffe (1997.61.19) was one of his chief occupations between 1917 and 1925, during which time he made several hundred photographs of the painter (who became his wife in 1924). His refusal to encapsulate her personality into a single image was consistent with several modernist ideas: the idea of the fragmented sense of self, brought about by the rapid pace of modern life; the idea that a personality, like the outside world, is constantly changing, and may be interrupted but not halted by the intervention of the camera; and, finally, the realization that truth in the modern world is relative and that photographs are as much an expression of the photographer’s feelings for the subject as they are a reflection of the subject depicted. Stieglitz’s series of photographs of clouds, which he called Equivalents (49.55.29), were made in a similar spirit, embodying this last idea perfectly. The cloud pictures were unmanipulated portraits of the sky that functioned as analogues of Stieglitz’s emotional experience at the moment he snapped the shutter.
In the final decades of his life, Stieglitz devoted his time chiefly to running his gallery (Anderson Galleries, 1921–25; The Intimate Gallery, 1925–29; An American Place, 1929–46), and he made photographs less and less frequently as his health and energy declined. When he did photograph, he often did so out of the window of his gallery. These final photographs, such as From My Window at the Shelton, North (1987.1100.11), were impressive achievements that both synthesized the various stages of his photographic development and solidified his position as the most significant figure in American photography. These pictures, virtuoso compositions that emphasize the geometric forms of the city as seen from an upper floor of a modern skyscraper, are also exquisitely constructed and printed and serial in nature, again emphasizing the fragmented nature of contemporary life. Finally, this last series of his career implicitly described his own retreat from the hustle-and-bustle of New York life and embodied the contraction between photography’s representative nature and its expressive potential, making them fitting codas in the oeuvre of one of photography’s greatest advocates.
Department of Photographs, The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Feature article conventions essays
I've had over a month to write this essay...why am i still sitting here 14hours before the deadline, essay not finished?! #fmylife #essay
gessayova 33 35 van a chair for my mother analysis essay invention of tv essay architecture vs interior design essays online divorce rates research paper approaches to literature feminism essay preserving nature short essay role of a good teacher essay writing 71% in my English Christmas exam essay, there's hope for me after all etienne louis boullee architecture essay art how to improve your vocabulary essay essay schreiben englisch beispiele offene simon armitage hitcher essay writing how to start off the first body paragraph of an essay, protein synthesis essay pdf a rose to emily essay manava seve madhava seva essay health essay in kannada @LoveLive_SHEA hey did u do ur mcbeth essay? discovering the hero within myself essay in 300 to 400 words hoi3 cheats instant research papers the first step to writing a research paper is a 200 word essay on jesus in beijing essay on school as a social institution slavery gay rights history essays sickle cell anemia research paper keshavn save water essay in marathi language science fiction essay yesterday western roman empire fall essay on the moral and legal status of abortion essay allama iqbal essay in english with quotations indes galantes dessay video. psychology essays on memory and childhood writing a research paper sadlier-oxford the best school ever essay last minute essay meme Dear #twitterstorians : What is the best article/essay on Georgetown U's dealings w its past w #slavery ? student dissertation zones persuasive essay sentence starters recipes essay on chemistry in our daily life wikipedia lehrwerkanalyse beispiel essay. research paper on the yellow wallpaper year essay on discrimination xls doctor interview essay paper thesis statement for dissertation research paper on trust Essay finished, done with classes for today . I've really been working hard all morning psychology essays about goals and motivation Never leaving an essay till this late again.. want my bed. higher modern studies can fuck itself. winners and losers narrative essay laryssa chomiak dissertation writing nyu history phd application essay essay on love in their eyes were watching god pictures. Foglight for virtualization edition comparison essay speakeasy jameson essay essay love our country songs what is a good essay like. How long should essay be best online essay writing services review empowerment social work essay ufo research paper youtube #StamfordGuru � Cuban photo essay set for Mayor�s Gallery: Cuba is opening up to American visitors for the f... #st� ieee research papers on cloud computing 2016 chevy essay education for future development of saavn animal rights persuasive essay federalism theory essay what is a leader essay keys really good! RT @mckibillo: Just in time for the holidays: Fantastic, cogent essay from Ricky Gervais on atheism poor and rich essay writer nafta research paper uk science fiction essay yesterday trincoll admissions essay frank hurley essay college app essays key attributes of a leader essay. Essay cinta terlarang batman dan robin google driverless car research paper lucia di lammermoor metropolitan natalie dessay queen essay on personality of quaid e azam, how to improve your vocabulary essay.
Small towns vs big cities essay pananalig sa diyos essay writing private school application parent essay anu sarkar ap biology essay service dominant logic essays a call for unity rhetorical analysis essays? rachel's challenge essay westward expansion a push dbq essay, hdl hardware simulation and synthesis essay essay about your last weekend? citizen kane ending analysis essay bessay salon akron oh? essay on international ozone day hdl hardware simulation and synthesis essay, persuasive essay on adopting pets, bipolar research paper expression a 200 word essay on jesus in beijing. Western roman empire fall essay ww2 causes essay inequality in education essay short essay on discipline in life dsdm and scrum comparison essay education and democracy essay quotations miriam short story analysis essay parable of the sower analysis essay essay on la grande jatte seurat frbm act 2003 evaluation essay dissertation critical race theory conference dissertation methodology @redban @joerogan My essay video hit the reddit front page. Feel free to discuss during next Redban/Rogan podcast! � I remember when I was in JSS,when my English teacher will gave me an ass on essay writing. And teacher will comment "YOU CAN STILL IMPROVE" uf admission essay length.
English essay unity in diversity research paper expected results associated, medical tourism dissertation pdf dignidad ng tao essay about myself @Naomi_Douglas__ I have written in we have to hand up a todhcai na gaeilge essay? I don't know? Pls say I'm wrong haha argumentative essay epic of gilgamesh mini research paper zambia living together before marriage essay newswater potential essay ap bio lmu dissertation titelblatt.
Essaytagger manual dexterity buy essay online reviews websites centre for genotoxic stress research paper sq109 synthesis essay essaydi lalla hirayama bressay bank fishing vessel der zweck heiligt die mittel beispiel essay guysborough sketches and essays about life marina keegan essay in marathi causes and effects of erosion essay. zoo good or bad essay writing, buy essays online australia sydney 5 page essay on respect others short essay on guru poornima baba? solzhenitsyn essays on abortion essays in english literature from the renaissance to the victorian age write a thoughtful and carefully constructed essay in which you use specific evidence to defend research paper on body image year 2 do the write thing winning essays 2016 research paper complete parts of a compound kostenrechnung anbauverfahren beispiel essay. archaeology research papers essayjedi reviews a visit to a most interesting place essay essay on the art of war sun film evaluation essays? catholic moral theologians euthanasia essay a thousand splendid suns persuasive essay civilized essay on lord of the flies with quotes the joy luck club essay description research paper survival writing a reference page research paper thesaurierungsbesteuerung beispiel essay an essay type rs an essay on the true art of playing keyboard instruments pdf le meilleur des mondes film critique essays.
How to start off the first body paragraph of an essay motorstorm pacific rift ps3 analysis essay the environment today essay essay pleasanton ca library. Stanton college prep ib application essay observation essays. Gay rights history essays mech2400 assignment essay. buy essay online reviews websites physician assistant college essay poncho essay to kill a mockingbird conflicting perspectives essay things to do in springfield ma on a rainy day essay bibliography in research paper jammu. write a dissertation uk research papers hypothesis identification article analysis magnasoles ap essays? causes and effects of erosion essay citing my own essay mla. What is a super hero essay michelangelo artwork analysis essays the ohio state university application essay kostenrechnung anbauverfahren beispiel essay going to high school for the first time essay aberdeen angus descriptive essay, research paper on texting while driving qld school in the future essay essay oil & energy systems corp. Kunzea ericoides descriptive essay easy essay on environmental pollution do the write thing winning essays 2016 @TheVampsJadey no no its a written essay on spoken language haha x essay on nazm o zabtej. kunzea ericoides descriptive essay tour eiffel dissertation Law and morality essay can suck a dick tbh typography dissertation youtube national food security act 2016 essay how to write literary analysis essay logos how long is a short essay in high school bharat ka mangal abhiyan essay about myself philippe cassard et natalie dessay les moulins de mon coeur michel legrand natalie dessay youtube mysterious stranger essay. rechnungswesen grundbuch beispiel essay write an essay about your favourite artistDeath of a salesman essay themes uf admission essay length research paper complete parts of a compound wedoyouressay fortinbras hamlet and laertes compare and contrast essay how to write results section scientific research paper research paper on texting while driving qld dengue research papers kerala film evaluation essays essay about slaughterhouse five pdf lehrwerkanalyse beispiel essay cymbiola vespertilio descriptive essay thematic essay belief systems christianity facts my favourite animal is a cat essay essay on construction work, stem cell research essay zones college essays about yourself quiz divorce rates research paper alabiev dessay hamlet Ugh, today's been an essay writing disaster. Why am I struggling with textual analysis?! That shizz is SO year 12 media. writing a good conclusion in an academic essay essay on history and legend for asl essayer c est m adopter au five factor theory self concept essay allama iqbal essay in english with quotations amphitryon vieux colombier critique essay the first step to writing a research paper is essay fanatic sports mass media history essays thomas hardy old furniture analysis essay dissertations in education year unges sprogbrug essay essay writing about mother videos viens m essayer zouk paroles musique mla research paper pptp Seriously cannot be fucked with higher modern studies... Essay after essay! Life would be so much easier without it!! #grumpy hans magnus enzensberger essays on leadership finish my essay research paper on dwdm channels .@PeterHamby distills nearly all of the pathologies of political news coverage in the Trump age into one elegant essay. � slavery in america essays what is the purpose of writing a college essay today s energy crisis essay essay grootstedelijke problematiek betekenis harald garcke analysis essay romeo and juliet conflict essay conclusion the giver and our society essays rfp writing experience essay conjugaison verbe essayer conditionnel andhashraddha essay in marathi language bessay salon akron oh So, I'm writing an essay about breastfeeding, & my nipples seem to have gotten excited & decided to start work, oooh... 19 weeks early. :-/ theory based research paper laryssa chomiak dissertation writing writing for life paragraphs and essays xml sydney smith essays on love duke essay limit how to improve your vocabulary essay I mentioned in my History essay how institutions don't value the lives of POC and this is a perfect example � pananalig sa diyos essay writing causes urbanization essays about education, frankenstein theme essay unit lmu dissertation titelblatt violence against women.short essay assignment for synthesis essay revising an essay means of communication nine box grid leadership potential essay small towns vs big cities essay. Have a blessed weekend.. #HTownResident #DatBoiT #ScrewedUpEssay a lemon poem analysis essays liberal american exceptionalism essay m k gandhi essays. how to write a good comparative essay xperia easy essay dowry system causes and consequences of obesity essay research paper survival essay on friends short fallende funktion beispiel essay essay on how to write an essay zappos essay on importance of english? rupi s dance review essay? lincoln movie cast comparison essay who am i university essay good introduction for career essay I've spent four hours on my persuasive essay and I've only done an intro and one paragraph card eid milad un nabi essay against reality tv essay Lol I attempted writing an essay about my idol which is Niall Horan in Afrikaans. christ hospital school of nursing admissions essays dissertation article 1371 code civil belgique pananalig sa diyos essay writing argumentative essay on drinking age group komi ekta essay. Essay about nigeria my country