Motivation in the Workplace Essay
1193 Words5 Pages
All employees analyze their environment and strive to be recognized and rewarded for their hard work and dedication they put into the company, in a word they are seeking justice. Justice can be defined as a person receiving what they feel they are entitled to and if they do not receive what they deserve the situation may board on injustice. Unfortunately in today’s society justice and appreciation are not given out to all those deserving (Pinder, 1998). A major problem to address is how to keep the motivation level high in a company when the employees do not feel appreciated.
The Equity Theory touches on the effects these situations have on the employee’s motivational level. In society today employees are constantly comparing how they are…show more content…
The challenge to this formula is the fact that every person has a different viewpoint on the same situation or puts more emphasis on inputs and outputs that are important to themselves due to the fact, “the workplace is an important forum in which people experience the joys and miseries of fairness and unfairness in the exchange of their talents, efforts, and ideas for economic and noneconomic benefits (Carpenter, Bauer, Erodgogan & Short, 2013).” For example, well-educated individuals may look at the fact that they attended an Ivy League University and graduated with a business degree and feel as though they are entitled special treatment or pay due to their accomplishments even though their quality of work is only adequate (Pinder, 1998).
All employees analyze their environment and strive to be recognized and rewarded for their hard work and dedication they put into the company, in a word they are seeking justice. Justice can be defined as a person receiving what they feel they are entitled to and if they do not receive what they deserve, the situation may boarder on injustice. Unfortunately in today’s society justice and appreciation are not given out to all those deserving (Pinder, 1998). Within the Equity theory there are three justice theories. The first of which is distributive justice, this touches on if the referent feels that the outputs are fair that are given to the employees. This comes into play
Motivation in the Workplace Essay
2222 Words9 Pages
For this assignment, I am going to describe and discuss several motivation theories. Then I will compare and contrast different aspects of the theories to each other and discuss how the different theories relate to my workplace. Why is motivation important in an organization? According to Grensing-Pophal (2002), motivation is giving employees a reason to perform something. Motivated employees are more likely to miss less work, perform at a higher level, and be more likely to stay at their current company. For a business owner, all these effects will result in a more successful business. Over the years, there have been a number of psychological theories that attempt to define the concept of motivation. The first set of theories I…show more content…
An interesting aspect of Maslow’s Hierarchy is that until needs of the prior levels are met, a person will not be able to move to the next level (Jones and George 2011). In other words, an employee job will not be motivated by the need to feel self-actualized in a position where they do not feel that their job is secure.
Another need theory is Alderfer’s Existence, Relatedness, and Growth (ERG) Theory. According to Jones and George (2011), Alderfer’s theory is very similar to Maslow’s Hierarchy, but there are several significant differences. The first difference is that Alderfer used three levels or categories, rather than five. These three levels are existence needs, relatedness needs, and growth needs. Existence needs consist of basic needs (such as food, water, and shelter) and safety needs. The second category is relatedness needs. These needs can be described as interacting with others. The final category is growth needs. These are needs such as self-development and having creative work to perform. According to Jones and George (2011), an important distinction between Maslow’s Hierarchy Theory and Alderfer’s ERG Theory is that ”Alderfer believed that a person can be motivated by needs at more than one level at the same time.” Gupta (2011) points out that when an employee is not able to satisfy one of the higher level needs, that the lower level needs will become more important to an employee. For example, if an employ feels that their