Roman Empire Map Assignments

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The Division of the Roman Empire & the Start of the Byzantine Empire

Tasks for Monday, January 29th

We are going to be discussing the importance of the Eastern half of the empire after 476 A.D. (or what we call the Byzantine Empire) but before we do...  Let's briefly look at how Western Europe changed after it fell.  We are going to learn about this in much greater detail in the spring! 
Nearpod Activity Notes - Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire
PLAYPOSIT ACTIVITY NOTES- Constantine's New Capital!  
View the video "Constantine's New Capital" and answer the questions on your worksheet and in the video as you watch.  

STEP 3 - MAP ACTIVITY - Beginning of the Byzantine Empire
Directions:​  Use the multiple maps and step by step directions below to complete your map.  This map will show the split of the eastern and western Roman Empire, where the Byzantine Empire was located and the major waterways and cities important to it.  20 Classwork/Homework Points.  

Learning Targets:  
I can identify the location of the Byzantine Empire and Constantinople. 


1. Begin the map analysis questions.  
2. Answer them fully using information you have learned about the fall of Western Rome and your map to help you.  
3. When you finish, turn them in to me. 

Interesting Article about the Byzantine Empire

Get the assignment from the front table titled "10 Interesting Facts about the Byzantine Empire".  
​Use the article below to complete the assignment.  
When you have finished EVERYTHING above you can choose what to do the rest of the class from the activities below:  


Quarterly Extra Credit Opportunity

HIS 8.  Empires in Africa (Ghana, Mali and Songhay) and Asia (Byzantine, Ottoman, Mughal and China) grew as commercial and cultural centers along trade routes.
Learning Targets:  
  • I can identify the location of the Byzantine Empire and Constantinople. 
  • I can demonstrate my understanding that the Byzantine Empire grew as a commercial and cultural center along trade routes. 
Assessment:  Quiz.
Task 1 -  2 Edcite Assignments
Go to Edcite and complete the two assignments below:

1. Do the assignment titled "End of Roman Empire and Beginning of Byzantine Empire" FIRST

2. Do the assignment titled "Constantinople" SECOND
Task 2 - NEWSELA Article - The Byzantine Empire

Go to Google Classroom and complete the NEWSELA Assignment titled - The Byzantine Empire. Read the article and do both the written activity and the quiz.  
Fill in the Notes Sheet as we go through the Nearpod Activities. 
Step 1 - 8 pts
Label the following bodies of water:
1.   Mediterranean Sea
2.   Black Sea
3.   Aegean Sea
4.   Bosporus Strait 
5.   Atlantic Ocean
Label the following continents:  (YOU SHOULD KNOW THESE) - 
6..    Europe
7.   (North) Africa
8.   Asia

Step 2 - 2 pts
Label the following cities: 
1.   Rome
2.   Constantinople

Step 3 - 1 pt
Draw a RED line or border between the western and eastern Roman Empires.

Step 4 - 3 pts
Follow the coloring instructions below:
1.    Bodies of water – BLUE
2.   Cities – BLACK (dot)
4.   Eastern Roman Empire – GREEN

Step 5 - 1 pt
Put a compass somewhere on your map.

Step 6 - 5 pts
In anyway that you want (pictures, words, symbols) you need to show 3 more things on your map…
1.   The change in Western Europe (from empire to separate kingdoms).  For example - you might outline the new borders and draw crowns in those spots to symbolize the separate kingdoms. 3 pts
2.   When the Western Roman Empire declined (date - AD 476). For example - you might just write a sentence under the map describing what happened in 476.  1 pt
3.  The new name of the Eastern Roman Empire - The Byzantine Empire. 1 pt

Choose a level and drag events to their correct spot on the timeline!  

Test your knowledge of the geography of the world!  
How well can you calculate a map scale to measure distance between cities?
Can you locate continents, countries, cities, etc?  
 Mapping an Empire

 Download a printable version of Rome Lesson 4: Mapping an Empire (PDF 383K)
Requires free Adobe Acrobat.


In this lesson, students will compare a map of the Roman Empire in 44 BC with one of the Roman Empire in 116 AD. Using these two maps as a reference, students will use critical reading skills to learn about the expansion of the Roman Empire during that time period. Relying on the resources available on The Roman Empire in the First Century Web site, students will learn about which countries/territories were conquered by each Roman emperor. After reviewing basic map skills and information, students will use the data collected to construct their own maps documenting the historical expansion of the Roman Empire. They will then use the data represented on the map to draw conclusions about the effectiveness of specific emperors as well as the positive and negative aspects of expanding the Roman Empire so much in such a short time.

Subject Areas:

World History, Social Studies, Geography, and Communication Arts

Grade Level: 6-12

Lesson Objectives:

Students will:
  1. Compare two different maps and make estimates about the growth of the Roman Empire during the first century.
  2. Use primary source materials to gather facts about the expansion of the Roman Empire including the names of conquered countries/territories, the approximate date these lands were added to the empire, and which emperor was responsible for these expansions.
  3. Participate in a review of map skills and the key components of maps to prepare for creating their own maps.
  4. Work in pairs to create maps that show the historical expansion of the Roman Empire between 44 BC and 116 AD.
  5. Analyze the maps they have created to draw conclusions about the expansion of the Roman Empire and how its size may have contributed to its downfall.
  6. Complete a series of written response questions with their partner based on their analysis of the map they created.
  7. Participate in a class discussion about the expansion of Rome using the conclusions they reached from analyzing the map and their answer to the written response questions.
Relevant National Standards:

McREL Compendium of K-12 Standards Addressed:

World History
Standard 9: Understands how major religious and large-scale empires arose in the Mediterranean Basin, China, and Indian from 500 BCE to 300 CE.

Historical Understanding
Standard 1: Understands and knows how to analyze chronological relationships and patterns.

Standard 1: Understands the characteristics and uses of maps, globes, and other geographic tools and technologies.
Standard 2: Knows the location of places, geographic features, and patterns of the environment.
Standard 3: Understands the characteristics and uses of spatial organization of Earth's surface.
Standard 4: Understands the physical and human characteristics of place.
Standard 9: Understands the nature, distribution, and migration of human populations on Earth's surface.
Standard 12: Understands the patterns of human settlement and their causes.
Standard 17: Understands how geography is used to interpret the past.

Language Arts

Standard 4: Gathers and uses information for research purposes.

Standard 5: Uses the general skills and strategies of the reading process.
Standard 7: Uses reading skills and strategies to understand and interpret a variety of informational texts.

Listening and Speaking
Standard 8: Uses listening and speaking strategies for different purposes.

Thinking and Reasoning
Standard 1: Understands the basic principles of presenting an argument.
Standard 3: Effectively uses mental processes that are based on identifying similarities and differences.

Working with Others
Standard 1: Contributes to the overall effort of a group.
Standard 4: Displays effective interpersonal communication skills.

Estimated Time:
This should take two to three 90-minute class periods or four to five 50-minute class periods, plus additional time for extension activities.

Materials Needed:Procedures:

1. Begin by providing students with a map of the Roman Empire as it appeared in 44BC [], after the death of Caesar. Using a current world map, discuss which countries made up the empire at this time so that students can get an idea of its size and location.

2. Using the map of the Roman Empire [], show students how much the empire grew from 44BC until 116AD. Have them make estimates about how much the empire grew in size during this time period and discuss these estimates by analyzing the maps as a class.

3. Explain to students that the Roman Empire grew over time under various emperors, and that some were more successful than others in conquering neighboring lands.

4. Direct students to the Timeline on The Roman Empire in the First Century web site. Use the timeline along with other features on the site: Use the Related Resources in this lesson plan to work in pairs to discover when various countries/territories were added to the empire.

Record this information on the Mapping an Empire Note Taking Sheet [Download PDF here 158k)]. Note: This activity could be done as a class to ensure accuracy of information for all students.

5. As a class, discuss the information recorded on the note taking sheet. Encourage students to make corrections to their data if necessary and record any important dates omitted from their notes. Discuss which emperors seemed to experience the most success in expanding the empire. This is also a good time to talk about key battles and military leaders that were important in the expansion of the empire.

6. Next, take time to review important information that is included on maps so that they can be easily interpreted. These items could include:
  • Title of map
  • Years that the map represents
  • A compass rose
  • Scale of miles
  • Most importantly, a legend for determining what the markings and colors on the map represent
  • Labels on physical features such as country names, bodies of water, mountain ranges, etc.
Use a large classroom map to illustrate this information for students.

7. Now that students have completed their study of the growth of the Roman Empire, distribute the Mapping an Empire Assignment [Download PDF here (159k)] sheet to all students. Review the requirements of the assignment as a class. Then provide students with classroom time to construct their maps. Stress the importance of including key information and making maps neat and easy to read.

8. When maps have been completed, have students work with their partners to answer the following questions. Each student should turn in a paper for this assignment.
  • Based on what you learned from your research and what your map shows, which emperor do you feel was most successful in expanding the Roman Empire? Why?
  • Looking at the map you have created, why do you think it was so difficult for the Romans to maintain control of the empire? List and explain as many reasons as you can.
  • How do you think the sheer size of the Roman Empire contributed to its downfall?
  • Do you think the Roman Empire could have been more powerful if it had focused less energy on expansion and more energy on other aspects of the country's growth? Why?
9. Collect the written responses from each pair and end the class by facilitating a discussion about the three written response questions from procedure step eight. This should help students see the challenges faced by Roman emperors in their quest to become a world power and maintain that power.

10. Post maps on the walls around the classroom and use them as a reference as you continue to study the Roman Empire.

Assessment Suggestions:
  1. Students could earn participation grades for class discussion activities.
  2. A completion or accuracy grade could be assigned for the Mapping an Empire Note Taking Sheet.
  3. Grades for accuracy and neatness could be assigned for the Mapping an Empire Assignment using percentages, and point checklist, or a scoring guide.
  4. A completion or accuracy grade could be assigned for answers to the written response questions based on the map analysis.
Extension Activities:

1. Using the map of the Roman Empire in 116 AD [], add content about the land and its people. Create symbols to represent major cities that were part of the empire, create a list of cultures and nationalities represented, list the languages spoken by the people of the Roman Empire, and record the types of natural resources available in the Roman Empire. Discuss how Rome might have used the people and resources differently to make the country stronger. Using this data, refer back to some of the writings featured in the Virtual Library and discuss why some Romans may have felt they were superior to residents of the conquered lands.

2. Compare the expansion of the Roman Empire with the expansion of other great civilizations throughout history. How do the Romans compare with the ancient Egyptians? The dynasties of China? The Incas, Aztecs, and Mayans? The expansion of the United States? Create a series of maps or graphic organizers that compare the similarities and differences between these great civilizations.

Related Resources:

The Roman Empire Web site [] provides a series of maps organized by date to show the expansion of the empire over time. [] provides a variety of maps and map resources that are printable. These can be used to illustrate various regions of the world, countries, and map features.

(Require free Adobe Acrobat.)

 Download a printable version of Rome Lesson 4: Mapping an Empire (PDF 383K)

 Download a printable version of Mapping an Empire Note Taking Sheet (PDF 158K)

 Download a printable version of Mapping an Empire Assignment Sheet (PDF 159K)



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